China is a populous nation in East Asia whose vast landscape encompasses grassland, desert, mountains, lakes, rivers and more than 14,000km of coastline. Capital Beijing mixes modern architecture with historic sites such as the Forbidden City palace complex and Tiananmen Square. Shanghai is a skyscraper-studded global financial center. The iconic Great Wall of China runs east-west across the country's north. Xian is a large city and capital of Shaanxi Province in central China, it marks the Silk Road's eastern end and was home to the Zhou, Qin, Han and Tang dynasties' ruling houses. At archaeological sites surrounding Xian plains are the famed Bingmayong (Terra Cotta Army), thousands of life-size, hand-molded figures buried with first emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang.
Spoken languages: Chinese, Mandarin
Temperature: -4°C to 27°C